The Culture of China
The Culture of China is one of the world’s oldest and most complex cultures. The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces.
There are 56 distinct recognised ethnic groups in China. Traditional Chinese Culture covers large geographical territories, where each region is usually divided into distinct sub-cultures.
Different forms of art have swayed under the influence of great philosophers, teachers, religious figures and even political figures. Chinese art encompasses all facets of fine art, folk art and performance art. Porcelain pottery was one of the first forms of art in the Paleolithic period. Early Chinese music and poetry was influenced by the Book of Songs, and the Chinese poet and statesman Qu Yuan. Chinese painting became a highly appreciated art in court circles encompassing a wide variety of Shan Shui with specialized styles such as Ming Dynasty painting. By the Han Dynasty paper-cutting became a new art form after the invention of paper. Chinese Opera would also be introduced and branched regionally in additional to other performance formats such as variety arts.
The overwhelmingly large variety of Chinese cuisine comes mainly from the practice of dynastic period emperors hosting banquets with 100 dishes per meal. A countless number of imperial kitchen staff and concubines were involved in the food preparation process. Over time, many dishes became part of the everyday citizen culture.
The Chinese Festivals occur throughout the Lunar year. As our calendar year and the Lunar year is different, the festivals fall on different dates each year. Each festival is rich in tradition, excitement and participation. There are many important festivals in China, such as the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Qing Ming, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival.
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